Wednesday, November 19, 2008

Aluutiq / Sugpiaq Language

Alaska Native Language Center, (2005). Alaska Native Languages: Fairbanks: University of Alaska Fairbanks.

Many Alaskan Native languages are spoken throughout Alaska. Displayed in this language map are the regions in which the language is spoken. Specifically the Aluutiq language, which is along the Aleution Chain, is spoken in two dialects from the Peninsula and Prince William Sound. Only about 400 of about 3,000 Aluutiq people still speak the language. Originally, the people called themselves Sugpiaq."Sug," meaning "person," and "Piaq," meaning real. However, the name Aluutiq, was adopted by Russian invaders who applied the name to the people of the Attu and Kodiak islands. Herman and Gideon, who were Russian Orthodox monks, were the first people to begin literacy work on the Aluutiq language. Although not much of their work has survived, others have attempted to continue their progression, but have been unsuccesful because their work lasted only until about 1807. it wasn't until the early 1960's when the first modern Allutiq linguistics have been produced by Irene Reed and continued by Jeff Leer in 1973 whose been successful in producing grammar and dictionary resources of the Aluutiq / Sugpiaq language.


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